Smart Agriculture: An Example of Practical Implementation
Application of information technologies, together with production experience, to optimize production efficiency, optimize quality, minimize environmental impact and minimize risk – all at the site-specific level.
This is not a particularly new concept in agriculture with essays on this topic dating from the early 18th century. What is new is the scale at which we are able to implement these aims. Prior to the industrial revolution, agriculture was generally conducted on small fields with farmers often having a detailed knowledge of their production system without actually quantifying the variability. The movement towards mechanical agriculture, and the profit margin squeeze, has resulted in the latter half of the 20th century being dominated by large-scale uniform “average” agricultural practices. The advance of technology in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, has allowed agriculture to move back towards site-specific agriculture whilst retaining the economies of scale associated with ‘large’ operations.
System consisting of wireless sensors and other components to monitor the micro-climatic and physiopathology conditions of the vineyard in real time and foresee manifestations of fungal diseases such as downy mildew, powdery mildew or botrytis.
Thanks to the data collected it is possible to control a vast variety of diseases that can affect the vineyard.
Measures, compares and facilitates:
Allows to rise the grapes quality
This happens thanks to the measurement of:
- Lighting and solar radiation in green parts (parts of the leaf and grape area),
- Soil temperature and humidity (start of growth, agro-ampelotechnical procedures and irrigation).